Title 23
Health and Safety

Chapter 17.5
Rights of Nursing Home Patients

R.I. Gen. Laws 23-17.5-33



 23-17.5-33.  Minimum staffing level compliance and enforcement program.


(a) Compliance determination.

(1) The department shall submit proposed rules and regulations for adoption by October 15, 2021, establishing a system for determining compliance with minimum staffing requirements set forth in 23-17.5-32.

(2) Compliance shall be determined quarterly by comparing the number of hours provided per resident, per day using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' payroll-based journal and the facility's daily census, as self-reported by the facility to the department on a quarterly basis.

(3) The department shall use the quarterly payroll-based journal and the self-reported census to calculate the number of hours provided per resident, per day and compare this ratio to the minimum staffing standards required under 23-17.5-32. Discrepancies between job titles contained in 23-17.5-32 and the payroll-based journal shall be addressed by rules and regulations.

(b) Monetary penalties.

(1) The department shall submit proposed rules and regulations for adoption on or before October 15, 2021, implementing monetary penalty provisions for facilities not in compliance with minimum staffing requirements set forth in 23-17.5-32.

(2) Monetary penalties shall be imposed quarterly and shall be based on the latest quarter for which the department has data.

(3) No monetary penalty may be issued for noncompliance with the increase in the standard set forth in 23-17.5-32(c)(ii) from January 1, 2023, to March 31, 2023. If a facility is found to be noncompliant with the increase in the standard during the period that extends from January 1, 2023, to March 31, 2023, the department shall provide a written notice identifying the staffing deficiencies and require the facility to provide a sufficiently detailed correction plan to meet the statutory minimum staffing levels.

(4) Monetary penalties shall be established based on a formula that calculates on a daily basis the cost of wages and benefits for the missing staffing hours.

(5) All notices of noncompliance shall include the computations used to determine noncompliance and establishing the variance between minimum staffing ratios and the department's computations.

(6) The penalty for the first offense shall be two hundred percent (200%) of the cost of wages and benefits for the missing staffing hours. The penalty shall increase to two hundred fifty percent (250%) of the cost of wages and benefits for the missing staffing hours for the second offense and three hundred percent (300%) of the cost of wages and benefits for the missing staffing hours for the third and all subsequent offenses.

(7) For facilities that have an offense in three (3) consecutive quarters, EOHHS shall deny any further Medicaid Assistance payments with respect to all individuals entitled to benefits who are admitted to the facility on or after January 1, 2022, or shall freeze admissions of new residents.

(c) (1) The penalty shall be imposed regardless of whether the facility has committed other violations of this chapter during the same period that the staffing offense occurred.

(2) The penalty may not be waived except as provided in subsection (c)(3) of this section, but the department shall have the discretion to determine the gravity of the violation in situations where there is no more than a ten percent (10%) deviation from the staffing requirements and make appropriate adjustments to the penalty.

(3) The department is granted discretion to waive the penalty when unforeseen circumstances have occurred that resulted in call-offs of scheduled staff. This provision shall be applied no more than two (2) times per calendar year.

(4) Nothing in this section diminishes a facility's right to appeal pursuant to the provisions of chapter 35 of title 42 ("administrative procedures").

(d) (1) Pursuant to rules and regulations established by the department, funds that are received from financial penalties shall be used for technical assistance or specialized direct care staff training.

(2) The assessment of a penalty does not supplant the state's investigation process or issuance of deficiencies or citations under this title.

(3) A notice of noncompliance, whether or not the penalty is waived, and the penalty assessment shall be prominently posted in the nursing facility and included on the department's website.

History of Section.
P.L. 2021, ch. 23, 1, effective May 27, 2021; P.L. 2021, ch. 24, 1, effective May 27, 2021.