Title 12
Criminal Procedure

Chapter 1.5
DNA Detection of Sexual and Violent Offenders

R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-1.5-2

§ 12-1.5-2. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter:

(1) “CODIS” is derived from combined DNA index system, the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s national DNA identification index system that allows the storage and exchange of DNA records submitted by state and local forensic DNA laboratories;

(2) “DNA” means deooxyribonucleic acid, which is located in the cells of the body and provides an individual’s personal genetic blueprint. DNA encodes genetic information that is the basis of human hereditary and forensic identification;

(3) “DNA record” means DNA identification information only, which is stored in the state DNA database or the combined DNA index system for the purpose of generating investigative leads or supporting statistical interpretation of DNA test results. The DNA record is the result obtained from the DNA typing tests. The DNA record is comprised of the characteristics of a DNA sample that are of value only in establishing the identity of individuals. The DNA record, however, does not include the DNA sample, and the DNA record may never include the results of tests of any structural genes. The results of all DNA identification tests on an individual’s DNA sample are also collectively referred to as the DNA profile of an individual;

(4) “DNA sample” means a blood or tissue sample provided by any person with respect to offenses covered by this chapter, or submitted to the department of health laboratory pursuant to this chapter for DNA analysis or storage, or both;

(5) “F.B.I.” means the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

(6) “State DNA databank” means the repository of DNA samples collected under this chapter, that is administered by the department of health; and

(7) “State DNA database” means the state-level DNA identification record system to support law enforcement that is administered by the department of health and that provides DNA records to the F.B.I. for storage and maintenance in CODIS. It is the collective capability to store and maintain DNA records related to forensic casework, the DNA records of those arrested for crimes of violence as defined in § 12-1.5-2 and/or convicted offenders required to provide a DNA sample under state law, and anonymous DNA records used for research, quality control, and other DNA analysis support systems.

(8) “Crimes of violence” include murder, manslaughter, first-degree arson, kidnapping with intent to extort, robbery, larceny from the person, first-degree sexual assault, second-degree sexual assault, first-and-second degree child molestation, assault with intent to murder, assault with intent to rob, assault with intent to commit first-degree sexual assault, burglary, and entering a dwelling house with intent to commit murder, robbery, sexual assault, or larceny.

History of Section.
P.L. 1998, ch. 33, § 1; P.L. 1998, ch. 120, § 1; P.L. 2014, ch. 176, § 1; P.L. 2014, ch. 192, § 1.